The Most Difficult Places in the World to Be Gay

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33. Dominica
> Maximum anti-gay penalty: 10 years in prison
> Population: 71,630
> GNI per capita, PPP: $10,140
> Literacy rate (% of people 15 and above): N/A
> Amount of US aid in 2020: $11,891

The maximum penalty for homosexual conduct in Dominica, a tiny island in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean, is 10 years in prison for adults of any gender.

In 2012, Dominica News Online reported that Education Minister Petter St. Jean “has said that the problem of anti-social behavior and homosexuality in Dominica’s schools is much bigger than government imagined. A committee was set to stop the spread of such “deviant” behaviors. Two American men on a cruise to Dominica were arrested for engaging in “indecent exposure” in public. The men said they were held in inhumane conditions and charged with indecent exposure. Activists say open LGBT people complain of physical abuse.

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32. Tonga
> Maximum anti-gay penalty: 10 years in prison
> Population: 103,200
> GNI per capita, PPP: $6,520
> Literacy rate (% of people 15 and above): 99%
> Amount of US aid in 2020: $293,989

The law in Tonga, a conservative Christian kingdom in the South Pacific east of Australia, calls for imprisonment of men for the crime of sodomy against a person or bestiality with any animal for up to 10 years. The nation’s attorney general said in 2013 that there has never been a conviction where consenting adults were charged for committing sodomy.

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31. St. Vincent & the Grenadines
> Maximum anti-gay penalty: 10 years in prison
> Population: 110,210
> GNI per capita, PPP: $12,160
> Literacy rate (% of people 15 and above): 96%
> Amount of US aid in 2020: 0

The maximum penalty for homosexual conduct in St. Vincent & the Grenadines, an island nation in the Caribbean, is 10 years in prison for adults of any gender.

In 2010, Prime Minister Ralph Gonlsalves, made disparaging comments about opposition Senator Vynnette Frederick, suggesting she was a lesbian. In 2015, Nigel Thomas, a gay author from St. Vincent, published a novel after he moved to Canada, based on his personal experiences of violence and prejudice against homosexuals while growing up on the island.

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30. Grenada
> Maximum anti-gay penalty: 10 years in prison
> Population: 111,450
> GNI per capita, PPP: $14,100
> Literacy rate (% of people 15 and above): 99%
> Amount of US aid in 2020: ($50,001)

On the island of Grenada, in the West Indies in the Caribbean, homosexual conduct among men is considered an “unnatural connexion” and is punishable for up to 10 years in prison with hard labor.

A Human Rights Watch report from 2018 found that LGBT people in Grenada face discrimination from the church, family, schools, and the police. Other reports indicate the younger generation in Grenada is more tolerant of LGBT people because of more positive images in the media.

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29. Jamaica
> Maximum anti-gay penalty: 10 years in prison
> Population: 2,934,860
> GNI per capita, PPP: $8,900
> Literacy rate (% of people 15 and above): 88%
> Amount of US aid in 2020: $4.59 million

Jamaica, an annual tourist destination for thousands of Americans, punishes males homosexuals with a prison term of up to 10 years with hard labor.

At one time, Jamaica had had a reputation as being one of the most homophoic countries on Earth. One poll held in 2014 indicated that up to 91% of Jamaicans believe lawmakers should not repeal so-called buggery laws. In August 2017, Jamaican fashion designer, reality TV star, and gay LGBT activist Dexter Pottinger was found stabbed to death in his Kingston home.