Newest Dog Breeds You’ve Probably Never Heard Of

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Every year, the American Kennel Club, the country’s purebred dog registry, considers new breeds to add to its index. It’s a rigorous vetting process as the AKC has stringent eligibility requirements for full recognition.

Among these, the prospective breed must have a demonstrated U.S. following — that is, there must be a national club with at least 100 members. There also must be a substantial population in the country of at least 300 dogs of the same breed and all with a three-generation pedigree. There are geographic requirements, too. The breed must be found in at least 20 states. Other considerations include observations by AKC field staff, competitions, and specialty shows. The process often takes years.

These requirements largely explain why the AKC has recognized only 31 new breeds since 2010. Some of the breeds, such as the Xoloitzcuintli, are ancient and little changed over millennia but perhaps only recently introduced to this country. Other breeds, such as the Dogo Argentino, were created in the 20th century.

The most recent additions to the AKC registry — two new breeds have already been recognized this year — are a cosmopolitan bunch: one originated in Argentina (the first breed from that country to be recognized), two in France, one in the Middle East by way of Italy, one in the Netherlands, and one in West Africa. Interestingly, all were used for hunting and/or retrieving game.

Many people first get their dogs when they are just puppies and form bonds that last a lifetime. While they would perhaps never say it out loud, some dog owners may privately wish their puppy would never grow up — these are 20 dogs that stay puppies the longest.

To identify the newest dog breeds, 24/7 Tempo reviewed the dog breeds recognized as registrable in the last 10 years by the American Kennel Club. Information about the breed group and life expectancy is from the AKC.