11. Kitty Genovese raped and stabbed
On Friday, March 13, 1964, bar manager Kitty Genovese was raped and murdered at her apartment building in Queens. Newspaper reports said neighbors witnessed the attack but did not call the police. The episode has been cited in psychological studies as an example of “bystander effect” or “Kitty Genovese syndrome” in which people fail to act because they assume someone else will.
12. Deadly cyclone in East Pakistan
One of the deadliest natural disasters in history occurred on Friday, November 13, 1970, in East Pakistan, which today is called Bangladesh. A tropical cyclone struck the country and killed at least 300,000 people. Besides winds that reached 115 mph, the shallow geography created a storm surge of 16 feet, according to a 1970 report from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, sweeping away thousands of people.
13. 2 plane crashes on same day in 1972
Friday, October 13, 1972, is one of the blackest days in recent times because of two tragic plane crashes. The first was the well-known story of an Uruguayan rugby team whose plane crashed in the Andes Mountains because of a navigational mistake. The survivors eventually resorted to cannibalism, as described in the book and movie “Alive.” Not so well known was the crash that same day of an Ilyushin-62 plane near an airport in Moscow that killed 174 people. The cause of that tragedy has never been determined, however, the Aviation Safety Network (ASN) considered the possibility that the pilot may have lost control because lightning struck the plane.
14. Italian cruise ship hits reef
On January 13, 2012, the Costa Concordia cruise ship struck a reef off the Tuscan coast, causing the massive vessel to tilt. Passengers were first evacuated by lifeboat and helicopter. Despite rescue efforts, 32 people perished. The ship’s captain, Francesco Schettino, was arrested on multiple manslaughter charges and for abandoning the ship instead of supervising the evacuation.
15. Kansas flood in 1951
On Friday, July 13, 1951, records for flooding in Kansas were broken, following days of relentless rainfall. In Topeka, the Kansas River rose almost 41 feet, which was almost 15 feet above the flood stage. In Manhattan, Kansas, water was 8 feet deep. The National Weather Service said it was the worst single day of flood destruction up until that date. Flooding claimed the lives of 28 people. The Army Corps of Engineers and the National Weather Service put the cost of the damage at $935 million.