It might not be surprising that Washington D.C., as the nation’s capital, consistently ranks as having one of the nation’s best park systems. Even setting aside the many federal green spaces devoted to national monuments, the District of Columbia provides one of the best access to parks and outdoors spaces, even for its most marginalized residents.
According to the Trust for Public Land, a 50-year-old nonprofit parks and protected-lands advocacy group, low-income households have an average of 42% less park space than residents in affluent areas. By contrast, 98% of all D.C. residents – including those in low-income neighborhoods – live within a 10-minute walk of a park. (These are the major U.S. cities with the best access to parks.)
The nation’s capital is one of nine U.S. cities that provide park access to virtually all of their residents. The historic cities of Boston and San Francisco both provide 100% of their residents with this close-to-home park access. San Francisco does it by investing the most in parks and rec facilities, an annual average of $420 per resident. Boston does the same with just $168, investing the least among the 20 U.S. cities that spend the most on park development and management. (Boston’s main public park, Boston Common, is also at the top of the list of the oldest city parks in America.)
This suggests that while devoting public funds to parks is an important factor, park access isn’t just a matter of hosw much a city spends. For example, Boise, Idaho, spends more on parks than Boston – an average of $190 per person per year – but ranks at the bottom of these 20 cities with just 65% of residents living within a 10-minute walk to the closest park.
Half of these 20 cities provide this access to at least 90% of their residents. Among these cities, Cincinnati ranks the lowest in median household income, and it spends an average of $183 per person per year on parks, providing 88% of its population nearby access to these green spaces.
To identify the U.S. cities investing the most in parks, 24/7 Wall St. looked at the Trust for Public Land’s ParkScore 2022 for city investment in parks and rec per resident per year and the percentage of the population living within a 10 minute walk of a park. The total population and the median household income come from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey 2020 5-year estimates.
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