The Most Famous Failed Assassinations

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6. Andrew Jackson, president of the United States
> Date: Jan. 30, 1835
> Location: Washington, D.C.
> Method of attack: Gun
> Attacker: Richard Lawrence

Andrew Jackson survived wars with the British, Spanish, and Native Americans as well as a few duels. He also survived an assassination attempt while serving as the seventh president of the United States. Jackson was attending the funeral of a congressman from South Carolina when Richard Lawrence, an immigrant from England stepped toward him and pulled the trigger on two pistols at the 67-year-old chief executive. Both misfired and Jackson subdued the assailant with his cane. Lawrence was institutionalized after it was determined he was insane.

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7. Victoria, queen of the United Kingdom
> Date: March 2, 1882
> Location: Windsor, England
> Method of attack: Gun
> Attacker: Roderick MacLean

Queen Victoria, who reigned the United Kingdom for 63 years, was the target of a few assassination attempts. In 1882, Roderick MacLean, a native of Scotland, took umbrage at the fact that the monarch did not appreciate his poems and shot at her while she was sitting in her carriage. MacLean was arrested and tried for high treason but was acquitted for reasons of insanity and spent the rest of his life in an asylum.

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8. Henry Clay Frick, American industrialist
> Date: July 23, 1892
> Location: Pittsburgh
> Method of attack: Gun, knife
> Attacker: Alexander Berkman

Industrialist Henry Clay Frick gained a well-deserved reputation for hostility toward unions. A partner with steel magnate Andrew Carnegie, Frick antagonized labor by slashing wages at Carnegie’s Homestead plant in 1892. Frick’s antipathy toward the working class angered Alexander Berkman, a Russian immigrant who decided to kill Frick. He fired three shots at the businessman at his office in Pittsburgh, two of which hit Frick in the neck. As Frick’s aides struggled to subdue the attacker, Berkman produced a knife and stabbed Frick in the leg. Frick survived his wounds and the episode and the industrialist won sympathy from the public.

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9. Theodore Roosevelt, U.S. presidential candidate
> Date: Oct. 14, 1912
> Location: Milwaukee, Wisconsin
> Method of attack: Gun
> Attacker: John Flammang Schrank

Theodore Roosevelt had already been president for two terms, but by 1912, he was disappointed with the direction of the Republican Party under the leadership of President William Howard Taft. Unable to secure the GOP nomination, the 53-year-old Roosevelt ran under the Progressive Party, or Bull Moose Party, banner. While campaigning in Milwaukee, he was shot in the chest by bartender John Flammang Schrank. Roosevelt’s 50-page speech tucked in his jacket helped save his life, and he delivered that speech right after the assassination attempt. Roosevelt’s third-party campaign divided Republicans and allowed Democrat Woodrow Wilson to win the presidency. Assailant Schrank was determined to be insane and placed in an institution until his death in 1943.

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10. Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Soviet Union
> Date: Aug. 30, 1918
> Location: Moscow, Soviet Union
> Method of attack: Gun
> Attacker: Fanya Kaplan

Vladimir Lenin was consolidating power in the newly formed Soviet Union when he was attacked by Fanya Kaplan in 1918. Lenin was making a speech at a factory in Moscow when Kaplan shot the Soviet leader. Lenin survived the attack though historians believe it led to a decline in his health culminating in a stroke that killed him in 1924. Kaplan, a member of the Socialist Revolutionaries, said she shot Lenin because he had betrayed the Russian Revolution. She was eventually executed. The attack on Lenin unleashed what became known as the Red Terror during which the Bolsheviks persecuted their rivals.