> Flag design: State seal on a sky blue field, with gold triangles and inscriptions of ‘SOUTH DAKOTA’ and ‘THE MOUNT RUSHMORE STATE’
> Officially adopted on: 1992
The state seal on South Dakota’s flag symbolizes the state’s commerce, industry, and natural resources, which South Dakota has been known for. The state motto, “Under God the People Rule,” appears with a background of sky and hills. In the foreground, a steamship navigates a river running through agricultural and industrial land. The “1889” stands for the year South Dakota officially became a state.
> Flag design: A blue circle with 3 white stars on a field of red, with a strip of white and blue on the fly
> Officially adopted on: 1905
The three stars on Tennessee’s flag represent the state’s Grand Divisions of the state: East, Middle, and West Tennessee. They are bound together by the endless circle, forming a trinity that cannot be broken — a symbol of eternal unity.
> Flag design: A third is blue with a white star in the center. The rest of the field is split in half by a white and red bar
> Officially adopted on: 1839
The Texas flag first flew over the Republic of Texas when it was an independent nation in 1839, and has not changed since. It gave rise to Texas’ nickname as “The Lone Star State.” The red, white, and blue of the state flag represent bravery, purity, and loyalty, the same as the color on the national flag.
> Flag design: State coat of arms in a golden circle on a field of dark navy blue with the number ‘1896’ written in white
> Officially adopted on: 1911
The year 1847 included in the design of the state flag is the year the Mormons came to Utah. 1896, also on the flag, is the year Utah became the 45th state. The bald eagle, the national bird, symbolizes protection and loyalty to the country. The state motto is “Industry.”
> Flag design: State coat of arms on field of azure
> Officially adopted on: 1923
The cow, wheat, and pine tree in the coat of arms design on Vermont’s flag represent the agriculture of the state. The two branches of pine on the sides are a symbol of the sprigs of pine that the soldiers of Vermont wore during the battle of Plattsburgh during the War of 1812. The Green Mountains in the back are the state’s most famous geographic feature. The deer head at the top of the shield signifies the state’s wildlife.
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